Coffee Farming Process Guide For Beginners

Are you interested to start coffee farming business? or looking to invest some money on coffee farm and looking for some more guide then this article is made for you. Here I have written all details which you must know before starting or investing coffee farm business how ever you are beginner or having some experience about farming.

Here in this article you will know about:

  • Coffee Farming Practices
  • Coffee Farming Techniques
  • Coffee Farming Equipment
  • Coffee Farming manual
  • Coffee Farming Process
  • Investing in Coffee Farms
  • Coffee Farming basics
  • Coffee Farming In India
  • Coffee Farming in Philippines, brqazil, Maxico
  • Coffee Farming In Kenya, Uganda UK USA Canada

Coffee Plantation Cultivation Production In India

Coffee Farming Guide

Coffee is one of the famous brewed drinks in the worldwide. It is prepared from the roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the coffee plant. Coffee plants are small in size and it is a flowering plant.

coffee farming guide

Generally, coffee plants are growing in the tropical area like as Asia and South Africa continent. In India coffee was found near the Chimanglur city in the state of Karnataka in 1936.


Brazil is on the number one position for coffee production In all around the world. There are many coffee species are cultivated across the worldwide.


  • Coffee Arabica 80% of production in the world.
  • Coffee Robusta 20% of production in the world.

The coffee plant is growing in small tree plant or bush up to 12 feet in height. Coffee plant has a white fragrance flowers on the plant. You implant coffee orchard one time it produces coffee beans up to 55 to 66 years. Coffee plant fruit beans or cherries are growing mainly after 3 to 4 years of planting.

coffee farming

Coffee Plants Name
Scientific name or Botanical name Coffee Arabica and Coffee Robusta
Family name Rubiaceae
Coffee plant genus Coffea L


Coffee Production In World

  • Brazil
  • Vietnam
  • Colombia
  • Indonesia
  • Ethiopia
  • India
  • Honduras
  • Uganda
  • Mexico
  • Guatemala


Coffee Farming In India

  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Odisha(Orissa)


Different Vitamins In Coffee

  • Thiamin(B-1)
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Pantothenic Acid (B5)
  • Niacin (B3)
  • Pyridoxine (B-6)
  • Folic acid(B-9)
  • Cobalamin (B-12)


Various Health Benefits Of Coffee


  • If you drink Coffee regularly then it helps you to lose weight and burn fat.
  • Coffee also reduces the risk of cancer, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
  • Coffee contains the natural source of anti-oxidants that protect your brain and body.
  • Coffee is a great drink that reduces the depression and risk of suicide.
  • Coffee improves your energy levels and change or brightens your mood.
  • Coffee protects you from Alzheimer ’s disease, Dementia and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Coffee is wonderful to drink for protects effect on the liver.
  • Coffee can help you to live longer.


Climate Requirement For Growing Coffee Plant


Climate can play the major role in growing a coffee plant. Coffee Arabica can be sowed at high altitude from 900 meters to 1600 meters and it can also well grow on lower elevations. The main disadvantage of cultivated coffee in high altitude is crop can be damaged because of high winds and cold conditions.

coffee farming climate

Coffee farming requires 2200 to 2300 mm annual rainfall for crops go well. The coffee plants are very sensitive. In high rainfall condition the plant leaves are rooting and some fungal disease a crop.

Soil Requirement For Growing Coffee Plant

Coffee plant crop can grow on a wide range of soil. In coffee farming, the water balance of soil can play the main role. If you want quality produce and high product of coffee then you must have soil which has a PH in between 5.0 – 6.0.


Coffee crop cultivated in the spring season and before the rainy seasons. In coffee farming for better growth of the crop, it requires moist soil state and cool climate.

coffee bean farming

It also requires 15 cm to 20 cm space between two rows. In every single row coffee seeds place at  3 cm to 5 cm in distance with 0.5 cm to 1 cm depth.

 Seed Requirement For Growing Coffee Plant

The qualities of Coffee seeds are very important for coffee farming. You must have a large and heavy boat shape coffee seeds also remove extra pulp on seeds by hand. Also, wash seeds with ash for avoiding any dust sticking on seeds. 


Coffee farming requires 4000 to 5000 coffee seeds for cover one-hectare land. The every seed require 2.5 cm apart for better sowing. After sowing the seeds of coffee plant germination take about 30 to 40 days.

 Irrigation For Growing Coffee Plant

There are many irrigation systems are available in latest technology like drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, microjet, and basin irrigation but irrigation in coffee farming is depends on the type of soil, moisture level in the soil, plant age and climate.



Above all irrigation method is good but drip irrigation method is optimum method for coffee farming because it less utilises the water and fertilisers. This drip irrigation reduces or controls the weed growth around the coffee plant. In this irrigation method, each plant requires 50 to 55 mm water.

Fertilisers For Growing Coffee Farming

  • N: Nitrogen
  • P2O5: phosphate
  • K2O: Potash
  • P: Phosphorus

Weed Control For Coffee Farming

  • Mulching
  • Pruning 
  • Digging
  • Forking

In coffee farming, weed control is done by the Digging and forking method in September and November months. This process is repeated again in February and March month. Also, use Chemical weedicides like Dalapon for controlling extra grasses around the plants. You can also use Amino salt of 2, 4 – D for controlling weeds.

Coffee Plant Pests

  • Grey coffee snout beetle
  • Black twig borer
  • Coffee berry moth
  • White stem borer
  • Coffee borer beetle
  • Antestia stink bug
  • Leafminer, Mealybug
  • Black coffee stem borer
  • Variegated coffee bug.
Coffee Plant Disease
  • Rosellinia bunodes
  • Armillaria mellea
  • Coffee leaf rust
  • Coffee berry disease
  • Tracheomycosis wilt
  • American leaf spot
  • Root rot diseases
  • Cercospora spot.


Harvest Task For Coffee Farming


Coffee beans or cherries are growing on the coffee plant after the third year of cultivated. You can get the best and healthy yield of the coffee plant from the fifth year of sowing.

coffee harvest

When you get the beans or cherries on the coffee plant then after do the following task.

  • Fly picking: During the October to February months, you can able to pick the fresh ripe berries of a coffee plant.
  • Main picking: During the December month you can pick the well to grow coffee beans or berries.
  • Stripping: You can use this method for picking the berries on ripening stage.
  • Cleanings: In this method, you can collect the berries which are falling down during the harvest.

After getting the fresh coffee beans do the following activities.


  • Drying the fruits: Dry the picking fresh berries/beans under the sun, mechanical hot air drying or shade netting.
  • Grading the fruits: you can grading this dry beans on shape and size by using the rotating sieve.
  • Packing the beans: After grading carefully pack the coffee beans in air tight basket or bag.
  • Storage of beans: You can storage coffee beans in dry, ventilated, and clean storage room.
  • Transportation of final produce: After doing above step you are finally able to produce coffee beans. You can transport packed coffee beans by using trucks.


The yield of coffee farming is depending on the many factors like climate, soil type, rainfall, Irrigation, varieties and garden management. If you have an above all factor in equals proportion then you will get the following yield.


  • Coffee Arabica – 400 – 700 kg/ha
  • Coffee Robusta – 350 – 750 kg/ha.


I hope you get the much information about Coffee Farming Guide. If you have any problem or suggestion according to this article then comment in below comment box and please share this article on social media.

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